Types of Acne

Acne has plagued almost everyone at some point in their lives, usually during the teenage years. Although it has more complicated causes than simply bad personal hygiene habits or eating the wrong foods, those can contribute to acne. To help reduce acne, there are topical treatments that you can try for specific types of breakouts.

Hormonal Breakouts

One sign that a woman’s menstruation cycle is about to begin is the appearance of acne along the chin and jaw. Hormonal surges can cause overactive oil glands, which can cause oil to clog pores and cause a breakout. Face cleansers containing salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide help prevent acne if you use them approximately a week before your period. You can also use cleansers with these ingredients during your cycle to reduce the appearance of acne.

Papules or Inflammatory Acne

Small red, tender bumps that don’t produce a yellow or white head are called papules. They are the result of bacteria, which causes inflammatory acne. An exfoliating cream or a topical acne treatment containing benzoyl peroxide is the best way to treat papules. Some of these treatments can cause your skin to dry out, so you should also moisturize your skin.

Cystic Acne

This type of acne results in large, tender white bumps which are the result of the hormonal activation of oil glands and genetics. They are difficult to treat because they keep reappearing near or on the site of the bump that you managed to treat successfully. If you’ve tried over-the-counter treatments containing salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide and they were unsuccessful, then you may need to visit a dermatologist. They can prescribe antibiotics or cortisone to diminish cystic acne bumps.

Blackheads

If you have small black dots on your nose, chin, and the area between your eyes, you have clogged pores. Blackheads have a larger surface opening than whiteheads, so as air enters them, they are oxidized, which turns them black. Exfoliating is important for blackheads as it helps to remove dead skin cells, dirt, and excess oil from the skin’s surface. An exfoliant containing salicylic acid can help clean out blackheads to get rid of them.

Blind Pimples

Some people have breakouts resulting in small painful bumps just under the skin’s surface. These bumps, called blind pimples, are not connected to the skin like other pimples, so they cannot go anywhere and the pressure keeps building beneath the skin, causing tenderness.

Fortunately, you can treat them at home by using ice to reduce the swelling, then applying a solution of salicylic acid gel, benzoyl peroxide gel, and 1% hydrocortisone cream to make an effective acne spot treatment. This combination of ingredients will reduce inflammation, kill bacteria, and remove excess oil from pimples to get rid of them.

Although it won’t get rid of acne on its own, washing your skin with a deep cleansing product will help draw out dirt and dead skin cells clogging your pores. Reducing the amount of oily foods you consume will also help reduce, but not cure acne.

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