The term brain surgery implies several medical procedures to repair structural problems in the brain. There are many types of brain surgery. Which type is used depends on the condition being treated and the area of the brain.

 Modern technology has made it possible to conduct brain surgery without making an incision in the head. But brain surgery remains a complicated and critical process.  Surgeons may be careful and thorough and treat every surgery on a case by case basis. They may weigh various conditions like brain tumor surgery cost in india.

Why  Is Brain Surgery Required?

This surgery is conducted if you suffer from any of the following problems:

  • An aneurism
  • Abnormality in blood vessels
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to dura ( protective cover)
  • Abscess
  • Epilepsy
  • Nerve irritation or damage
  • Head injury
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Fracture in skull
  • Fluid build up
  • Stroke
  • Brain tumor.

All these conditions may not require surgery but can help alleviate certain health complications. For instance, a brain aneurism may not need surgery unless the vessel ruptures.

Types Of Brain Surgery

There are different types of brain surgery. Type is determined by condition being treated.

Biopsy:

In this procedure, a tiny piece of brain tissue or tumor is removed in order to examine it under a microscope. For this, a small hole or incision is made in the skull.

Craniotomy:

This consists of making an incision in the scalp and making a hole called as bone flap into the skull. The incision and hole are made near the part of the brain being treated.

When this open brain surgery is conducted, surgeon may opt to:

  • Remove any tumor
  • Cut away an aneurism
  • Drain fluid and blood from an infected spot
  • Get rid of abnormal brain tissue

Once the surgery is completed, the bone flap is secured in place with wires/ sutures or plates.  The hole may remain open in the case of brain infection, swelling or tumor. In this case, procedure is called as Craniectomy.

Endoscopic endonasal minimally invasive surgery:

In this surgery, the surgeon removes lesions or tumors through your sinuses and nose. Thus they can access parts of your brain without bringing about an incision. It involves using an endoscope (a telescopic device carrying camera and lights) to guide the procedure. This is used mainly for tumors in skull, pituitary gland or bottom of brain.

Neuroendoscopy which is minimally invasive:

Just like the previous procedure, this uses endoscope to destroy brain tumors. The surgeon will make small, coin sized holes into the skull to access some parts of the brain. This procedure will impact cost of brain tumor surgery in india.

Deep brain simulation:

Like a biopsy, a small hole is made in the skull. But in place of removing a piece of tissue, a small electrode will be inserted by the surgeon into a deep place inside the brain. This electrode will be connected to a battery in the chest, akin to a pacemaker and it will emit electric signals to alleviate symptoms of serious conditions like Parkinson’s disease.

These are some aspects about brain surgery.

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