Healthy Food

The Difference Between Macro and Micro Nutrients

Macro and Micro Nutrients

As anticipated in food nutrition, most people are expected to eat foods containing all the nutrients that are essential for a healthy lifestyle. An adequate understanding concerning nutrients and their implications for everyone’s health is also necessary for the benefit of proper nutrients intake. Undeniably, not every single person has to take all of these nutrients for it will depend on the need of the individual body’s intake. These nutrients have specific functions in the body.

many people cannot tell the difference between micro nutrients and macro nutrients. Macro nutrients are fats, carbohydrates, and proteins require a person a relatively good amount of intake of these nutrients. These macro nutrients provide energy and building blocks responsible for the growth of the body and maintaining it healthy. Vitamins and minerals that belong to micro nutrients though require only a minimal intake of the same, but they are classified essential as they play a great role as they are to keep the body healthy.

Below tips explains the difference between macro and micro nutrients with their implications they affect to everyone’s health:

Macro nutrients


Carbohydrates are coming from starchy foods such as: rice, bread, potatoes, pasta, and cereals. These are also found in starchy vegetable, milk, sugar, and preserves like fruit jams. As mentioned above, it provides energy to the body. Adequate intakes of carbohydrates will help keep the body reserve energy. On the contrary, too much intake of it will cause serious problems in health.


This nutrient provides Amino Acids which is responsible for building blocks that a human body can not make alone. It is essential for growth development of the body. Without protein, a human body will not be as strong as what is it expected. This nutrient can either be found in a lot of food sources such as fish, meat, eggs, dairy foods, and cereal products such as soya products, bread, pulses and nuts. Or through supplements like food supplements which only focus on providing protein to a person’s body.


This is found in dairy foods, oily fish, biscuits, pastry products, meat products, crisps and chocolate. Interestingly, it plays a vital role basically in providing and maintaining healthy skin and hair and insulation of body organs against events that introduce shock. As people perceived it, fat is somewhat destruction for their diet but on the contrary, it provides more energy source, and it maintains body temperature. Without fat, the ability of the body to digest foods will be impossible. When this nutrient is consumed properly and not too much, it will give a good impact on everyone’s health.


Vitamin B2(Riboflavin).

This nutrient can be enjoyed by eating green vegetables, mushrooms, fortified breakfast cereals, legumes, liver, milk, rice, and eggs. Its main function is being responsible for discharging energy coming from macronutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, and fat. Another function it does is its involvement with iron’s transport and metabolism. It is also in charge of the skins’ and body linings’ normal structure and functions.

Vitamin B3(Niacin).

Wheat and maize, eggs, meat, dairy products, and yeast intake is the natural way to enjoy this nutrient. Vitamin B3 is necessary for the healthy nervous system, brain function and sex hormones. Functions and benefits it gives to the body include being a great help in detoxifying or removing body toxins that normally cause harm to the body. It helps to have good digestion and producing healthy skins. Vitamin B3 also can increase blood circulation and decrease cholesterol and high blood pressure.

Folate/ Folic acid.

Good food source of Folic acid are as follows: Liver, Peanuts, Almonds, Citrus fruits, Carrots, Green leafy vegetables, Apricots, Cantaloupe melons, Avocados, Beans, Beetroot, Broccoli, and free range eggs. It is part of vitamin B-complex and one of the most neglected vitamins for intake. This is somehow a substitute for Vitamin C supplement. However, a person is required to have a large amount of intake of folic acid to keep up with what Vitamin C can do to the body. Folic Acid is needed for involvement in the formation of healthy red blood cells. This will also help for the development of unborn babies’ nervous system and prevention against “spina bifida” (a bony defect in the spinal column). Folic Acid is also in helping digestion improvement and appetite enhancing.

Vitamin C.

Great food sources of Vitamin C are, green peppers, Blackcurrants kiwi fruits, lemons, oranges, strawberries, cabbage and other kinds of fruits with the similar or the same elements from the mentioned fruits containing Vitamin C. Vitamin C also serves as an antioxidant and an essential component in having body tissues organize and operate normally. It greatly helps the body during its absorption of iron from non-meat intakes. Vitamin C also is into protecting against cancer. Because the vitamin does the prevention and fights infection, an individual can highly expect protection against the risk of having heart disease, deadly diabetes, and arthritis. Vitamin C also helps overcome male’s infertility. Fat Fuel Go a simple and delicious way to get the best sort of energy to the body and also the brain.

Gregory Hayes
I've been working in this Health department for 7 years. I have a lot of knowledge. I want to share it with you and help you to achieve your health dreams easily.

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