An obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN) is a medical specialist in women’s health. The body of a female undergoes many biological functions including childbirth, menstruation, and menopause. These specialists provide care for all of these and also for other issues faced by a woman.

What is OB-GYN?

An OB-GYN specializes in pregnancy, childbirth, and everything related to the reproductive health of a woman. Some of the specialists also offer health services like a primary health care doctor, while others focus only on the reproductive system of women. The specialist provides routine services and screening. The one who is a specialized OB-GYN has studied gynecology and obstetrics.

What is Obstetrics? 

It is a medicine branch that deals with surgical and medical care related to childbirth. Obstetrics care for maintaining and caring for the overall health of a woman during pregnancy and maternity.

It includes:

  • Labor
  • Childbirth
  • Pregnancy
  • Postpartum period

An OB-GYN can perform surgery, assist with labor, delivery and performs surgery whenever required.

What is Gynaecology?

This medicinal branch focuses on the body of a woman and her reproductive health. This includes diagnosing, treatment of any issue related to the reproductive system.  The gynecology deals with issues related to:

  • Uterus
  • Ovaries
  • Vagina
  • Fallopian tubes

It also includes diagnosing and treating issues relating to women’s breasts. It includes the primary field relating to the health of a woman from puberty to adulthood.

Specialty areas of an OB-GYN

OB-GYN mostly includes a wide range of services but some OB-GYN choose to specialize in subspecialties. Some of these subspecialties include:

Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology

The specialist in this field addresses the issues relating to the hormones and glands of the endocrine system and infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist can help you in case you have a problem conceiving. The specialist may help you by performing assisted procedures like:

  • zygote intrafallopian transfer
  • gamete intrafallopian transfer
  • In Vitro Fertilization
  • Embryo transfer

Gynecologic Oncology

The specialist in this field can diagnose and treat cancers related to the female reproductive system like:

  • Cervix
  • Uterus
  • Vulva
  • Ovaries

Reproductive surgery and Pelvic medicine

These surgeons specialize in treating females with disorders in the urinary tract. They focus on issues related to the connective tissues and muscles located beneath the pelvis or the pelvic floor of a woman. The specialists address issues like:

  • overactive bladder
  • urinary or fecal incontinence
  • bladder pain
  • vaginal or urinary tract infections
  • pelvic organ prolapse

What are the conditions that an OB-GYN can treat?

An obgyn Lafayette LA can diagnose and treat a number of conditions related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the reproductive system of a woman. Depending on your age, reproductive goals, and your health, you may have to visit an OB-GYN for issues like:

  • Pelvic Pain
  • Breast disorder
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Infertility
  • Endometriosis
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Genital Itching
  • Vaginal and Urinary Tract Infections

An obgyn in Lafayette LA can help you in almost every kind of issue related to the reproductive system and childbirth. An OB-GYN can also perform some procedures like a vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery, In Vitro Fertilization, biopsy, hysterectomy, myomectomy, laser surgery and other procedures related to the female reproductive system.

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